Coke, Pepsi, Kraft, McDonald's, Wendy's, Intuit, Reed-Elsevier, and others have dropped their membership in the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC).

Click here to tell other firms bankrolling ALEC to do the same.

ALEC Boards and Task Forces

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Learn more about corporations VOTING to rewrite our laws.

ALEC Boards and Task Forces

About ALEC

ALEC is corporate bill mill. It is not just a lobby or a front group; it is much more powerful than that. Through ALEC, corporations hand state legislators their wishlists to benefit their bottom line. Corporations fund almost all of ALEC's operations. They pay for a seat on ALEC task forces where corporate lobbyists and special interest reps vote with elected officials to approve “model” bills. ALEC legislative leaders are tasked with a duty to get the bills introduced and passed; ALEC members introduce the bills in statehouses as their own brilliant ideas—without disclosing that corporations pre-voted on them with politicians behind closed doors at ALEC resort meetings. ALEC boasts that it has over 1,000 of these bills introduced by legislative members every year, and more than 20% become legally binding. ALEC describes itself as a “unique,” “unparalleled” and “unmatched” organization. It might be right. It is as if a state legislature had been reconstituted, yet corporations had pushed the people out the door. Learn more at the Center for Media and Democracy's ALECexposed.org, and check out breaking news on our PRWatch.org site.


Here are the lists of people, companies, or groups that have sat on ALEC's politician and corporate boards, its task forces, or led its state delegations:

"Public" Board of Directors

See ALEC Board of Directors.

"Private Enterprise" Board of Directors


Former Members

2004

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 2003 Form 990, reflective of mid-2004:[10]

2003

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 2002 Form 990, reflective of mid-2003:[11]

2002

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 2001 Form 990, reflective of early 2002:[12]

  • Michael Morgan (Director of Public and Government Affairs, Koch Industries), Ex-Officio Member of Board of Directors and Chairman, Private Enterprise Board
  • Harry Winters (Vice President, United Parcel Service (UPS)), First Vice Chairman
  • Les Goldberg (Vice President, American Express), Second Vice Chairman
  • Pete Poynter (Manager of Government Affairs, BellSouth Corporation), Treasurer
  • Edward D. Failor, Sr. (President, Iowans for Tax Relief (related to the National Taxpayers Union)), Secretary
  • Allen E. Auger (Director of State Government Affairs, Coors Brewing Company), Immediate Past Chairman
  • Ronald Scheberle (Assistant Vice President of Government Relations, Verizon), Chairman Emeritus
  • Richard H. Bagger (Senior Vice President of Government Relations, Pfizer Inc., and New Jersey state legislator)
  • Jane Cahill (Vice President of External Relations, PG&E National Energy Group)
  • Marie Chelli (Director of Public Policy, Seagram (now Pernod Ricard))
  • John Del Giorno (Vice President, Professional and State Government Affairs, Glaxo Wellcome Inc. (now GlaxoSmithKline)
  • Scott Fisher (District Director of State Governmental Affairs, Philip Morris Management Corporation)
  • C.T. "Kip" Howlett (Vice President, Chlorine Chemistry Council)
  • Jeffrey Lane (Vice President of State & Local Government Relations, Procter & Gamble
  • Kurt Malmgren (Senior Vice President of Government Affairs, PhRMA)
  • Bernie McKay (Vice President of Government Affairs, Intuit Inc.)
  • Frank Messersmith (Government Consultant, Metz, Hauser & Husband, P.A.)
  • Roger L. Mozingo (Vice President of State Government Relations, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company)
  • J. Patrick Rooney (Chairman Emeritus, Golden Rule Insurance Company)
  • Alan B. Smith (Government Relations, Nationwide Insurance)
  • Jerry Watson (National Association of Bail Insurance Companies (now American Bail Coalition))

2001

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 2000 Form 990, reflective of early 2001:[13]

  • Michael Morgan (Director of Public and Government Affairs, Koch Industries), Ex-Officio Member of Board of Directors and Chairman, Private Enterprise Board
  • Harry Winters (Vice President, United Parcel Service (UPS)), First Vice Chairman
  • Les Goldberg (Vice President, American Express), Second Vice Chairman
  • Pete Poynter (Manager of Government Affairs, BellSouth Corporation), Treasurer
  • Edward D. Failor, Sr. (President, Iowans for Tax Relief (related to the National Taxpayers Union)), Secretary
  • Allen E. Auger (Director of State Government Affairs, Coors Brewing Company), Immediate Past Chairman
  • Ronald Scheberle (Assistant Vice President of Government Relations, Verizon), Chairman Emeritus
  • Jane Cahill (Vice President of External Relations, PG&E National Energy Group)
  • Marie Chelli (Director of Public Policy, Seagram (now Pernod Ricard))
  • Richard Costigan (Director of State Government Relations, Western Division, Pfizer Inc.)
  • J. Barry Coughlin (Director of State Relations, Ford Motor Company)
  • John Del Giorno (Vice President, Professional and State Government Affairs, Glaxo Wellcome Inc. (now GlaxoSmithKline)
  • Scott Fisher (District Director of State Governmental Affairs, Philip Morris Management Corporation)
  • C.T. "Kip" Howlett (Vice President, Chlorine Chemistry Council)
  • Jeffrey Lane (Vice President of State & Local Government Relations, Procter & Gamble
  • Kurt Malmgren (Senior Vice President of Government Affairs, PhRMA)
  • Frank Messersmith (Government Consultant, Metz, Hauser & Husband, P.A.)
  • Roger L. Mozingo (Vice President of State Government Relations, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company)
  • J. Patrick Rooney (Chairman Emeritus, Golden Rule Insurance Company)
  • Jerry Watson (National Association of Bail Insurance Companies (now American Bail Coalition))

2000

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 1999 Form 990, reflective of mid-year 2000:[14]

1999

The following is the list of "Private Enterprise Board" members from ALEC's 1998 Form 990, reflective of early 1999:[9]

  • Michael Morgan (Director of Public and Government Affairs, Koch Industries), Ex-Officio Member of Board of Directors and Chairman, Private Enterprise Board
  • Harry Winters (Vice President, United Parcel Service (UPS)), First Vice Chairman
  • Les Goldberg (Vice President of State Government Affairs, American Express), Second Vice Chairman
  • Pete Poynter (Manager of Governmental Relations, BellSouth Telecommunications, Inc.), Treasurer
  • Edward D. Failor, Sr. (President, Iowans for Tax Relief (related to the National Taxpayers Union)), Secretary
  • Allen E. Auger (Director of State Government Affairs, Coors Brewing Company), Immediate Past Chairman
  • J. Barry Coughlin (Director of State Relations, Ford Motor Company)
  • John Del Giorno (Vice President of Strategy Operations, Professional and State Government Affairs, Glaxo Wellcome Inc. (now GlaxoSmithKline)
  • Scott Fisher (Director of Government Affairs - East, Philip Morris Management Corporation)
  • C.T. "Kip" Howlett (Vice President, Chlorine Chemistry Council)
  • Jeffrey Lane (Vice President of State & Local Government Relations, Procter & Gamble
  • Kurt Malmgren (Vice President of State Government Affairs, PhRMA)
  • Frank Messersmith (Government Consultant, Skelding, Labasky, Barry, Eastman, Hauser, Jolly, Metz)
  • Roger L. Mozingo (Vice President of State Government Relations, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company)
  • J. Patrick Rooney (CEO, Golden Rule Insurance Company)
  • Ray G. Thompson (Regional Director of Public & Government Affairs, Amoco Corporation (now BP))
  • Jerry Watson (National Association of Bail Insurance Companies (now American Bail Coalition))

1990s

The following list contains board members from the late 1990s, compiled by the Clearinghouse on Environmental Advocacy and Research:[15]

  • Allan Auger, Chairman
  • Tina Walls, First Vice Chairman
  • Edward Failor, Secretary
  • Ronald Scheberle, Chairman[14]
  • Lawrence Bennett
  • Jane Cahill
  • Marie Chelli
  • Louie Curto
  • Stephen Stefano
  • Les Goldberg
  • Charles Hardwick
  • Kirk Henry
  • Jeffrey Lane
  • Rebecca Linn
  • Frank Messersmith
  • Gerald Mossinghoff
  • Roger Mozingo
  • Pete Poynter
  • Raymond Snokhous
  • Michael Morgan
  • Monita Fontaine
  • Kurt Malmgren
  • J. Patrick Rooney
  • Jerry Watson
  • Harry Winters
  • David Halbrook, also a former ALEC Board of Directors member

ALEC Task Forces

ALEC has nine task forces, each with a legislative and corporate chair. Below is a list of each task force, its co-chairs, and its corporate and political members:

Civil Justice Task Force

Commerce, Insurance and Economic Development Task Force

  • Co-Chair: Representative Glenn Vaad (R-Colorado), Public Sector Chair[44]
  • Co-Chair: Emory Wilkerson, Private Sector Chair[44]; State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company is the largest seller of auto insurance in the U.S. It also sells property/casualty, home and life insurance. State Farm is also in the banking business with State Farm Bank offering financial products through State Farm agents, according to its Hoovers profile.[45] It had a net income in 2010 of $1.8 billion, up from $777 million in 2009.[46] Its CEO, Ed Rust, made $10.2 million in the same year.[46] Open Secrets' latest information about State Farm is from 2008. That year, State Farm gave a combined total of $4.1 million in federal and state political contributions.[47]
*Staff Director: Courtney O'Brien
  • Corporate Members include:
  • Politicians on the Commerce, Insurance, and Economic Development Task Force include:

Executive Committee

Subcommittees

  • Financial Services[57]
  • Labor and Business Regulation[57]
  • Transportation and Infrastructure[55][57]

Education Task Force

  • Co-Chair: Mickey Revenaugh (Co-Founder and Executive Vice President of Sales and Marketing, Connections Academy)[59][60], Private Sector Chair.[58]Connections Academy is a division of Connections Education LLC, a private school based in Baltimore, MD that offers free online public school through contracts with charter schools, school districts, or governmental entities. The contracted schools have a lower graduation rate than traditional public schools.[61] Sylvan Ventures started Connections Academy in 2001. The company started its first schools in 2001, and in 2004, Connections Academy was sold to Apollo Management, L.P.[62] Apollo Management "has some $68 billion of assets under management, spread among its private equity, capital markets, and real estate segments. It specializes in buying distressed businesses and turning them around and has had some of its biggest successes investing during economic downturns," according to its Hoovers profile.[63]
  • Staff Director: Dave Myslinski
  • Corporate Members include:
  • Politicians on the Education Task Force include:

Subcommittees

  • Special Needs Subcommittee[68]
  • Subcommittee on Science Fraud in the Classroom (or Subcommittee on Junk Science)[69]
  • Higher Education Subcommittee[70]
  • School Choice Subcommittee[70]
  • Working Group on Transparency (joint with the Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force[70]
  • K-12 Education Reform Subcommittee[71]

Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force

Past Chairs:

Subcommittees

  • Energy Sub-Committee (Chair: Rep. Tom Lockhart (WY))[89]
  • Environmental Health & Regulation Subcommittee[82]
  • Agriculture Subcommittee[90]

Health and Human Services Task Force

  • Co-Chair: Representative Leah Vukmir (R-Wisconsin), Public Sector Chair[91]
  • Co-Chair: Marianne Eterno (Assistant Vice President, Government Relations, Guarantee Trust Life Insurance), Private Sector Chair.[91] Guarantee Trust Life Insurance is a company based in Glenview, IL, that provides insurance to K-12 schools, community and junior colleges and universities as well as athletic groups, camps, child care, and special events. Guarantee Trust Life Insurance Company is a private company and does not publicize its annual revenue. Its website has the following information: $190 million in invested assets, $177 million in total liabilities, $131 million in total reserve for life policies and contracts, and accident and health policies, and $42 million in net surplus.[92]
  • Staff Director: Christie Herrera
  • Corporate Members include:
  • Politicians on the Health and Human Services Task Force include:

ALEC Health Care Task Force in 1993

For reference, the National Task Force on Health Care in 1993 (when ALEC members fought Hillary Clinton's health reform effort)[98] included:[99]

  • Co-Chairman Rep. Tom Wilder (GA)
  • Corporate Co-Chairman Spencer Hathaway (Syntex Laboratories, Inc.)
  • Legislative Director Molly Hering
  • Legislative Assistant Barbara Perez

Executive Committee Politicians
  • Rep. Steve McDaniels (R-TN)
  • Rep. David Hale (MO)
  • Rep. Pat Blake (R-AZ)
  • Rep. Howard Hendrick (R-OK)
  • Rep. Dale Van Vyven (R-OH, deceased 2010)
  • Sen. Jim Neal (DE)
  • Rep. Karen Steele (VT)

Corporate, Trade Group, or other Group Members

Task Force "Advisors"

Legislative Members
  • Rep. Ron Johnson (AL)
  • Rep. Bill Filanle (CA)
  • Sen. Herman Holloway (DE)
  • Rep. David Thomas (FL)
  • Rep. Evan Frasure (ID)
  • Sen. Patricia Miller (IN)
  • Rep. Susan Stokes (KY)
  • Rep. William Constantino (MA)
  • Rep. Tony Onnen (MN)
  • Rep. Jim Barnett (MS)
  • Rep. Fred Thomas (MT)
  • Rep. Mary Holmes (NH)
  • Sen. Tarky Lombardi (NY)
  • Sen. Donna Nalewaja (ND)
  • Rep. Robert Netzley (OH)
  • Sen. Ron Peterson (PA)
  • Rep. Joan Quick (RI)
  • Rep. Walt Bain (VT)
  • Del. Steve Martin (VA)
  • Rep. Peggy Rosenzweig (WI)
  • Rep. Les Bowren (WY)
  • Sen. Jan Brewer (AZ)
  • Rep. Philip Pankey (CO)
  • Rep. George Albright (FL)
  • Rep. Anne Mueller (GA)
  • Rep. Donna Jones (ID)
  • Rep. Dolores Mertz (IA)
  • Sen. Gerry Hinton (LA)
  • Rep. Carl Gnodtke (MI)
  • Rep. Dorothy Cole (MS)
  • Rep. Bonnie Sue Cooper (MO)
  • Rep. David Humke (NV)
  • Rep. Nicholas Felice (NJ)
  • Rep. Theresa Esposito (NC)
  • Rep. Ken Svedjan (ND)
  • Rep. Mary Fallin (OK)
  • Rep. Donald Snyder (PA)
  • Rep. Edward Marrapese (RI)
  • Sen. John Holgren (VT)
  • Sen. James West (WA)
  • Rep. Gregg Underheim (WI)
  • Rep. Rick Tempest (WY)
  • Rep. Bob Watts (AR)
  • Sen. George "Doc" Gunther (CT)
  • Rep. Dennis Jones (FL)
  • Sen. Stan Koki (HI)
  • Rep. Manny Hoffman (IL)
  • Sen. Dick Roeding (KY)
  • Del. Martha Klima (MD)
  • Rep. Dave Gruenes (MN)
  • Sen. Robert G. Huggins (MS)
  • Rep. Mike Foster (MT)
  • Sen. Ray Rawson (NV)
  • Sen. Anthony Williams (NM)
  • Rep. Richard Morgan (NC)
  • Sen. Grace Drake (OH)
  • Sen. Bob Shoemaker (OR)
  • Rep. Dave King (PA)
  • Rep. Jack Harris (TX)
  • Sen. Steven Rees (UT)
  • Sen. Leonard Anderson (WV)
  • Rep. Frank Urban (WI)
  • Sen. Gail Zimmerman (WY)

International Relations Task Force

  • Co-Chair: Representative Harold Brubaker (R-North Carolina), Public Sector Chair.[104]
  • Co-Chair: Brandie Davis (Director of U.S. Affairs, Philip Morris International), Private Sector Chair[105]

Altria Group, formerly Philip Morris, is the world's largest tobacco company. In the U.S. it controls about half of the tobacco market. In 2007, Altria spun off its food division.[106] Altria Group's primary holdings until 2007 included Philip Morris companies as well as Kraft Foods (Jell-O, Kool-Aid, Maxwell House), which it spun off in 2007. Philip Morris International is an international tobacco company that has seven of the top 20 global cigarette brands. In 2010, it had a total revenue of $16.9 billion.[107] Its CEO, Michael Szymancyk, had an annual compensation of $24.1 million in 2010.[108]

  • Staff Director: Karla Jones
  • Politicians on the International Relations Task Force include:
    • Billy Hewes, III (R-MS), Former Public Sector Chair[109]
    • Curt Bramble (R-UT) (also on ALEC's Board of Directors and a State Chair)[110][111][112]
    • William (Bill) H. Payne (R-NM) (New Mexico State Senate Minority Whip, retired Rear Admiral (SEAL) in the United States Navy, former Deputy Director for Strategy, Plans and Policy, U.S. Central Command)[113]
    • Roger Helmer (Member of the European Parliament representing the United Kingdom's East Midlands region), International Legislator member[114]

Subcommittees

  • Federal Relations Working Group[105]

Public Safety and Elections Task Force

The Public Safety and Elections Task Force was previously known as the "Criminal Justice & Homeland Security Task Force."[115]

Executive Committee

Subcommittees

  • Homeland Security Subcommittee[134]
  • Pawn Shop Subcommittee[134]
  • Sexual Predators Subcommittee[134]
  • Elections and Ethics Subcommittee[137]
  • Corrections and Reentry Subcommittee[138][139]
  • Texas Criminal Justice Integrity Unit[140]
  • Child Safety Subcommittee[141]

Tax and Fiscal Policy Task Force

Subcommittees

  • 21st Century Commerce and Taxation Working Group[159]
  • Internet Subcommittee[142]
  • Tax Reform Subcommittee[142]
  • Tax and Expenditure Limitation (TEL) Subcommittee[142]
  • Fiscal Policy Reform Working Group[160]
  • Public Pension Reform Working Group[159]
  • Unfunded Liabilities and Public Pensions Working Group[161]

Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force

  • Co-Chair: Representative Blair Thoreson (R-North Dakota), Public Sector Chair.[162]
  • Co-Chair: Bartlett Cleland (Director, IPI Center for Technology Freedom, Institute for Policy Innovation), registered lobbyist for the Technology Association of America, previously a registered lobbyist for the Information Technology Association of America and Americans for Tax Reform, Private Sector Chair.[162][163] The Institute for Policy Innovation is a Texas-based think tank founded by Dick Armey that Politico describes as "known for its economic analysis of pending and proposed changes in tax policy, with its emphasis on free markets, limited government, supply-side economics and dynamic scoring. IPI focuses on issues of taxation, technology, education reform, and government regulation."[164] The Center for Technology Freedom was created when Bartlett Cleland joined IPI.[165] On its website, IPI states that it is funded "wholly by contributions from individuals, businesses and other non-profit foundations."[166] According to its 2009 Form 990, IPI received almost $1 million in donations and foundation grants.<Institute for Policy Innovation, Form 990, IRS filing, March 3, 2010</ref>
  • Staff Director: John Stephenson[162]
  • Corporate members include:
  • Politicians on the Telecommunications and Information Technology Task Force include:

Subcommittees

  • Joint Working Group on 21st Century Commerce and Taxation[170]
  • Model Legislation Review Working Group[170]

Articles and Resources

Other SourceWatch Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 American Legislative Exchange Council, Private Enterprise Board, organizational website, accessed 2011. In 2012, ALEC altered its website. The new site listing the corporate board is here as of April 2012.
  2. Martinne Geller and Jennifer Saba, Reed Elsevier, Wendy's drop conservative group, Reuters, April 12, 2012
  3. Barbara Liston and Martinne Geller, UPDATE 4-Coke withdraws from group that backs Stand Your Ground law (Adds Kraft Statement), Reuters, April 6, 2012
  4. Rebekah Wilce, BREAKING: Intuit Out of ALEC; Coke, Kraft, Pepsi, too, while Koch Stands Ground, PRWatch.org, April 6, 2012
  5. Rebekah Wilce, Breaking News: Coca-Cola Dumps ALEC, PRWatch.org, April 5, 2012
  6. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2008 Form 990, filed with the IRS and received by Guidestar.org, August 19, 2009
  7. Jeffrey Philip Lane, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Executive Profile, accessed August 10, 2011
  8. Friedman, Fleischer & Lowe, Jeff Lane, firm biography, accessed August 10, 2011
  9. 9.0 9.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, 1998 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, May 14, 1999
  10. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2003 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, June 13, 2004
  11. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2002 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, June 27, 2003
  12. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2001 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, April 24, 2002
  13. American Legislative Exchange Council, 2000 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, April 26, 2001
  14. 14.0 14.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, 1999 Form 990, form filed with the IRS and available via Guidestar.org, June 31, 2000
  15. Clearinghouse on Environmental Advocacy and Research, project of the Environmental Working Group, Information on American Legislative Exchange Council, archived organizational profile, archived by Wayback Machine December 2, 2000, accessed August 19, 2011
  16. 16.0 16.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Civil Justice Task Force, organizational site, accessed April 2012.
  17. Center for Responsive Politics, Victor Schwartz, OpenSecrets.org lobbying database, accessed 2011
  18. Coral Davenport, "States, NYC Struggle to Make Climate Change Case Before Supreme Court," "NationalJournal", April 19, 2011.
  19. Attorney-Client Documents, "Philip Morris ETS Billing Categories,"Tobacco Documents Online, December 1, 1990.
  20. Mark Hansen, "Shook Hardy Smokes 'Em," ABA Journal, October 1, 2008.
  21. Bloomberg News, [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/26/technology/26vonage.html "Vonage Infringed 6 Patents of Sprint, U.S. Jury Rules ,"] The New York Times, September 26, 2007
  22. Steve Vockrodt, "Microsoft uploads Shook Hardy & Bacon to its law firm short list," Kansas City Business Journal, July 12, 2009
  23. OpenSecrets.org Database
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  25. American Legislative Exchange Council, Inside ALEC February 2011, organizational newsletter, February 2011, accessed 2011
  26. National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies (NAMIC) American Legislative Exchange Council Adopts NAMIC Model Legislation, press release, June 11, 2004
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  31. Lance Kinzer Campaign State Representative Lance Kinzer Announces Re-election Bid, press release, May 20, 2010
  32. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Mar. 2010, organization newsletter, March 2010, p. 7, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  33. Oklahoma Office of the Attorney General About Scott Pruitt, government profile, accessed June 11, 2011
  34. National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies (NAMIC) American Legislative Exchange Council Adopts NAMIC Model Legislation, press release, June 11, 2004
  35. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Apr. 2010, organization newsletter, April 2010, p. 13, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  36. Justin Amash, Wood TV 8 (Michigan), Decision 2010 Candidate Profile, accessed June 11, 2011
  37. Project Vote Smart Senator Dennis D. Pyle (KS), Candidate Biography, accessed June 11, 2011
  38. Freedom Speaks, Inc. Official Profile: Kansas (KS) State Representative Michael R. O'Neal, online profile, accessed June 11, 2011
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  42. Michigan State Court Administrative Office Judges of the Court of Appeals, government document, 2001
  43. U.S. Department of Justice Gregory A. Brower Sworn in as United States Attorney for the District of Nevada, press release, January 7, 2008
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  45. Hoovers State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company, online profile, accessed June 14, 2011
  46. 46.0 46.1 Noah Buhayar State Farm Profit Doubles to $1.8 Billion on Underwriting, BusinessWeek, March 1, 2011
  47. Center for Responsive Politics State Farm Insurance, online political contribution report, accessed June 14, 2011
  48. 48.0 48.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Inside ALEC May 2011, organizational newsletter, May 2011, p. 4
  49. Ibid., p. 17
  50. American Legislative Exchange Council, Inside ALEC Feb. 2011, organizational newsletter, February 2011, p. 16
  51. 51.0 51.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Inside ALEC May 2011, organization newsletter, May 2011, p. 21
  52. Ibid., p. 6
  53. Ibid., p. 7
  54. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Apr. 2010, organization newsletter, April 2010, p. 22, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4 55.5 55.6 American Legislative Exchange Council Private Sector Executive Committee, organization website, accessed June 14, 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online.
  56. William Francis Galvin, Secretary of the Commonwealth, "Lobbyist Public Search: Fedex Corporation," Public Records Division - Lobbyist Section, online government database, accessed June 30, 2011
  57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 American Legislative Exchange Council, Commerce, Insurance & Economic Development Task Force Meeting Agenda, August 3, 2011, on file with CMD
  58. 58.0 58.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Education Task Force, organizational website, accessed April, 2012
  59. American Legislative Exchange Council Mickey Revenaugh, organization website, accessed May, 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online.
  60. Connections Academy, Mickey Revenaugh, corporate executive biography, accessed April 2012
  61. Jim Siegl Poor-performing e-schools a waste of Ohio's money, critics say, Columbus Dispatch, May 13, 2011
  62. Connections Academy About Us, company website, accessed June 14, 2011
  63. Hoovers Hoovers Apollo Global Management LLC, online business profile, accessed May 2011
  64. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Sep./Oct. 2009, organization newsletter, September/October 2009, p. 6, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  65. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Jan. 2011, organization newsletter, January 2011, p. 13. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  66. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Apr. 2009, organization newsletter, April 2009, p. 20, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  67. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Nov./Dec. 2009, organization newsletter, November/December 2009, p. 25, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  68. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Jul. 2009, organization newsletter, July 2009, p. 15. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  69. Dr. Judith Reisman Dr. Judith Reisman, online biography, accessed June 11, 2011
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  72. 72.0 72.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force, organizational website, accessed April 2012
  73. Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck - Known for its Political and Natural Resource Prowess - Expands into Phoenix with Water and Lobbying Practices, Press Release, December 10, 2010
  74. Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck Fact Sheet, law firm website, accessed May 2011
  75. Center for Responsive Politics Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, online political contribution profile, accessed May 2011
  76. Consumer Energy Alliance [http://consumerenergyalliance.org/about/board-of-advisors/thomas-l-moskitis/ Thomas L. Moskitis), biography, accessed May 26, 2011
  77. OpenSecrets.Org Database
  78. American Legislative Exchange Council Energy, Environment and Agriculture Task Force, organization website, accessed May 26, 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and this information is no longer available online.
  79. Christopher Bateman A Colossal Fracking Mess, Vanity Fair, June 21, 2010
  80. Center for Responsive Politics American Gas Association, online political donation profile, accessed May 2011
  81. American Legislative Exchange Council Inside ALEC Jan. 2011, organization newsletter, January 2011, p. 15. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  82. 82.0 82.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Inside ALEC Nov.-Dec. 2010, organizational newsletter, p. 12, accessed 2011. This website has been altered by ALEC and is no longer available online. The document is on file with CMD.
  83. Ibid., p. 19
  84. Ibid., p. 19
  85. Ibid.
  86. 86.0 86.1 American Legislative Exchange Council, Natural Resources Task Force, organizational website, archived November 27, 2008 by the "Wayback Machine."
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  96. Ibid., p. 23
  97. Ibid., p. 27
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  128. Ibid., p. 21
  129. Ibid., p. 6
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